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Energy - Ralf Dyllick-Brenzinger

PhD Candidate:    Ralf Dyllick-Brenzinger
Thesis Direction:    
Professor Hans-Björn Püttgen (supervisor) / Professor Matthias Finger (co-supervisor)
Main Laboratory:    Energy Center
Project Time Line:    February 2010 – End of 2012
Research Project:    Economic energy policy in MENA using a technology-driven approach


Abstract
Demand for energy, being a prerequisite and enabler of economic growth, has been growing at a tremendous rate in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) as well as in the wider Middle East & North Africa (MENA) region. Demand being primarily driven by the region’s economic momentum, the rapid industrialization as well as by the energy-intensive living standard of fast growing populations increasingly concentrating in urban centers contribute significantly, too.

Today, the region meets its energy demand all but exclusively by fossil fuels (see exhibit 1). What sounds like an intuitive choice in a region abundantly endowed with hydrocarbons, this strategy poses significant challenges:
 

  • The growing domestic energy hunger eats into hydrocarbon exports throwing national budgets in disarray,
  • The preservation of the national hydrocarbon reserves is an imperative of intergenerational equity,
  • The carbon intensity of today’s energy systems contributes to world climate change and is a potential competitive disadvantage under a global CO2 regime.


MENA countries have made some high-profile steps towards the exploitation of the region’s vast renewable resources. Those projects, however, have so far had no significant impact on energy supply. That a more sustainable energy strategy is viable has been clearly shown by another oil-rich country: Norway produces nearly all its electricity by its abundant renewable resources (see exhibit 2); fossil fuel use is restricted to the transport sector and industry – sectors in which there’s no competitive alternative to fossil fuels.

Even though growth momentum has slowed down recently, projections predict a continuation of the growth path and of the energy demand surge in tandem. As a consequence, massive energy-related investments will be made in the mid-term future. This research projects aims at delivering important background information supporting the policy making process and delivering recommendations for focused energy policy setting drawing on an assessment of various technology options and a systematic energy-economy model.